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Tamino Petelinšek/STA
Photo by: Tamino Petelinšek/STA

You can’t be what you can’t see: The Lack of a Gender Perspective in Democracy
Elsa Marie D'Silva, Elizabeth Maloba and Cecilia Barja

Every year, members of the Global Diplomacy Lab host a Night Owl session at the Bled Strategic Forum (BSF) in Slovenia to bring a diverse and practical perspective to the political discussion. This year’s forum in early September focused on the topic of “(Re)Sources of (In)Stability”. Elsa Marie D'Silva, Elizabeth Maloba and Cecilia Barja were selected to present an interactive session, “Creating a Resilient and Inclusive Future” which included their experiences from the ground in India, Kenya and Bolivia respectively.

The aim of the session was to highlight how we could add a gender lens to our policy-making and our approaches to solving challenges faced by many countries, especially those in the Global South. In order to have a resilient and inclusive future, it is important to include diverse voices such as those of women and youth, who are not represented at the table in many cases. With growing economic inequalities in many parts of the world, democracies are under threat and resources are strained, thus affecting our ability to address current challenges, such as climate change and migration, effectively. Throughout the session, we tried to show the gender impact of climate change.

In many parts of the world, gender inequality takes numerous forms, ranging from violence that is perpetrated from womb to tomb, skewed birth ratios as in India, limited access to education and healthcare and the lack of women in leadership positions in business and government. This has a direct impact on women’s status in society. It affects, how they are viewed, how their contributions are valued and how they can – or cannot – actively participate in critical decision-making. Women are not only resources that can be counted on, but also agents of stability if provided with the right platform. Yet most often they are left out of the planning process and leadership. By establishing links between such issues, our goal was to help policy-makers to think about these complex problems in a holistic manner and to put “gender on the agenda”.

Tamino Petelinšek/STA
Tamino Petelinšek/STA
Tamino Petelinšek/STA
Tamino Petelinšek/STA

Some of the case studies we discussed are as follows.

Cecilia Barja, a former mayor in Bolivia, is currently an activist working on citizenship and migration issues. From her varied perspective, she shared the importance of political dialogue for change rather than for votes. Cecilia emphasised the need for nano-politics and transformation achieved by engagement at the micro level for the sustainability of democratic processes. She shared the story of Cirina, an undocumented immigrant from Puebla, Mexico. Cirina grew up in a family of campesinos from the northern hills of Puebla, close to Huauchinango, whose hard work growing coffee beans fed and clothed the entire family for decades. But as a small and independent farmer, her father was ill-prepared to withstand the changing weather conditions and warmer temperatures that killed the family’s crops. They had to leave their farm. Her father and brothers moved to the big city to work in informal jobs, while she had to cross the border as a teenager, looking for a better future. Cirina should be regarded as a climate refugee, but because this is not the case, her human rights are infringed and she has to live in fear and uncertainty every single day.  

Elsa Marie D'Silva spoke about her work at Safecity in India where crowd-mapping and data visualisation have the potential to bridge gaps and foster accountability in governance, especially on taboo issues such as sexual violence. The ability to crowdsource anonymous stories helps to bridge the data gap that exists due to the under-reporting of sexual violence. Analysing local-based patterns and trends helps to identify factors that contribute to the violence, but also points to possible solutions. Elsa Marie gave several examples where the information was instrumental in getting the police to change their patrol route and policing, whilst communities rallied around the women to take a stand. One example shared involved a hotspot near a tea stall in an urban slum in Delhi, where men would loiter while drinking their tea and intimidate women and girls with their constant staring. When asked what they wanted to change about their neighbourhood, the young girls said that they would like the staring to stop. Safecity organised an art workshop for them, and they painted the wall with staring eyes and subtle messaging that loosely translates into English as “Look with your hearts and not with your eyes”. It had an instant impact in the community and the staring and loitering stopped, thus allowing the girls to walk comfortably, with no stress, to school, college or work, without fear of being intimidated by these men. Transparency of information enables individuals and communities to hold various stakeholders, including government, accountable in achieving SDG 5 on Gender Equality.

Elizabeth Maloba ventured into the narratives surrounding gender and climate change and the framing of these discussions in ways that further progress or inspire defensive responses. Drawing on ecofeminist theory, she explored narratives of patriarchy and the ways in which both nature and women are treated by a patriarchal society, namely as subjects to be dominated for the good of man. Important feedback received from the audience was similar to A.E. King’s criticism of ecofeminism that by focusing only on gender and the environment ecofeminism fails to take an intersectional approach. The audience made it clear that they would have loved to explore the intersectionality aspect of this dialogue in depth.

Our guest speakers Badria, Lilla and Ivan, youth BSF leaders, shared their perspectives as young people driving change in their communities. Badria spoke about examples from her work in Morocco and Benin, where rural women have been empowered to participate in political processes and to become political leaders, thus playing a part in shaping policies and addressing climate change. Lilla, one of the youth BSF leaders from Hungary, spoke about the role of influencers in climate change, and sparked a heated discussion in the audience on how influencers can generate the right answers or adequate responses that could lead to transformation. She asked if we can really go beyond emotional appeals and discuss the issue based on scientific evidence and data.

Given the lack of data, it felt as though hidden figures were masking the enormity of the gender-equality challenge when it comes to addressing climate change or even migration. It disturbed us to think of how gender mainstreaming is still neglected and why climate change is still often ignored.

Finally, if the information were to be made available in a transparent manner coupled with education, would it make a difference to women’s ability to engage and contribute to climate change adaptation decision-making?

We left with more questions than answers, but we are confident that we got people to think a little more deeply about the issue.

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Read about Elizabeth Maloba's and Patrick Mpedzisi's perspectives on inclusion and what role it plays in the field of international politics and across cultures divides in this Q&A.
Uncovering the Role of Women in Crime
Women play an increasingly important role in criminal organisations and terrorism, but also in the fight against crime. The OpenCrime conference that took place within the Bosch Alumni Network in Berlin revealed current challenges and blindspots in the media coverage.
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At the initiative of GDL Member Ciara Davies, the Bosch Alumni Network (BAN) teamed up with the Global Diplomacy Lab (GDL) to co-organise an event this autumn on Design Thinking for Public Policy.
Rebuilding Trust and Redefining Europe
Many challenges the European Union faces are in fact part of the global agenda. Evident links with the aims and purposes of the Global Diplomacy Lab could be further envisaged in future GDL’s editions. Searching for new forms of flexible and inclusive solutions to reaffirm the world’s democratic values and human rights builds upon connecting initiatives like these.

Elsa Marie D’Silva

Elsa Marie D’Silva is the founder and Managing Director of Red Dot Foundation (Safecity), a platform that crowdsources personal experiences of sexual violence and abuse in public spaces. Since Safecity started in December 2012, it has become the largest crowd map on the issue in India, Kenya, Cameroon and Nepal.
Elsa Marie is an alumna of the US State Department’s Fortune Program, a fellow with Rotary Peace, Aspen New Voices and Vital Voices, and a BMW Foundation Responsible Leader. She is listed as one of BBC Hindi’s 100 Women. Moreover, she has won the Female Entrepreneur of the Year Award launched by Dušan Stojanović (European Angel Investor of the Year 2013) and the SheThePeople’s Digital Woman Award in Social Impact.
Prior to Safecity, she spent 20 years in the aviation industry, where she worked with Jet Airways and Kingfisher Airlines. In her last role in aviation, she was Vice President Network Planning.

......................................................................................................................................................

Read more about Elsa's work at Safecity and see for yourself in this this documentary. She also has a very clear vision for the Global Diplomacy Lab .

 

Elizabeth Maloba

Elizabeth Maloba has worked as an organisational change and business growth facilitator since 2002, and has extensive experience in capacity building, knowledge management, facilitation and conflict resolution.

She works to provide support to organisations to enable them to achieve their objectives by supporting them in making decisions, solving problems, exchanging ideas and information, and learning. She has considerable entrepreneurship experience, having started her own business and invested in a couple of small businesses over the years. This experience allows her to combine entrepreneurial and management skills where needed. She also provides training on entrepreneurship and leadership.

She is currently studying for her master’s degree in organisational development. She lives in Nairobi and has worked in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Somalia and Benin. Her personal interests are travelling and reading.

......................................................................................................................................................

Find out more about her engagement here.

 

Cecilia Barja Chamas

Cecilia Barja Chamas has led political processes and cross-sector alliances in Latin America and the United States for 18 years. In 1999, she co-founded the political party “Movimiento Sin Miedo” and was elected to the office of councillor for La Paz at the age of 23. In 2008, she coordinated Magis Americas in New York, mobilising resources for “Fe y Alegría”, a Jesuit network of 3000 schools in 17 Latin American countries.

From 2010 to 2016, she was a member of Fundación Avina in Colombia, leading cross-sector alliances in six Amazonian countries and the peace process in rural areas of Colombia. Since September 2017, Cecilia has been part of the North Carolina Congress of Latino Organizations, affiliated with the Industrial Areas Foundation (IAF), a grassroots network that builds relationships between races and religions on issues of common concern such as housing and education. She has a Master’s in public administration from Harvard Kennedy School.

Elsa Marie D’Silva

Elsa Marie D’Silva is the founder and Managing Director of Red Dot Foundation (Safecity), a platform that crowdsources personal experiences of sexual violence and abuse in public spaces. Since Safecity started in December 2012, it has become the largest crowd map on the issue in India, Kenya, Cameroon and Nepal.
Elsa Marie is an alumna of the US State Department’s Fortune Program, a fellow with Rotary Peace, Aspen New Voices and Vital Voices, and a BMW Foundation Responsible Leader. She is listed as one of BBC Hindi’s 100 Women. Moreover, she has won the Female Entrepreneur of the Year Award launched by Dušan Stojanović (European Angel Investor of the Year 2013) and the SheThePeople’s Digital Woman Award in Social Impact.
Prior to Safecity, she spent 20 years in the aviation industry, where she worked with Jet Airways and Kingfisher Airlines. In her last role in aviation, she was Vice President Network Planning.

......................................................................................................................................................

Read more about Elsa's work at Safecity and see for yourself in this this documentary. She also has a very clear vision for the Global Diplomacy Lab .

 

Elizabeth Maloba

Elizabeth Maloba has worked as an organisational change and business growth facilitator since 2002, and has extensive experience in capacity building, knowledge management, facilitation and conflict resolution.

She works to provide support to organisations to enable them to achieve their objectives by supporting them in making decisions, solving problems, exchanging ideas and information, and learning. She has considerable entrepreneurship experience, having started her own business and invested in a couple of small businesses over the years. This experience allows her to combine entrepreneurial and management skills where needed. She also provides training on entrepreneurship and leadership.

She is currently studying for her master’s degree in organisational development. She lives in Nairobi and has worked in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Somalia and Benin. Her personal interests are travelling and reading.

......................................................................................................................................................

Find out more about her engagement here.

 

Cecilia Barja Chamas

Cecilia Barja Chamas has led political processes and cross-sector alliances in Latin America and the United States for 18 years. In 1999, she co-founded the political party “Movimiento Sin Miedo” and was elected to the office of councillor for La Paz at the age of 23. In 2008, she coordinated Magis Americas in New York, mobilising resources for “Fe y Alegría”, a Jesuit network of 3000 schools in 17 Latin American countries.

From 2010 to 2016, she was a member of Fundación Avina in Colombia, leading cross-sector alliances in six Amazonian countries and the peace process in rural areas of Colombia. Since September 2017, Cecilia has been part of the North Carolina Congress of Latino Organizations, affiliated with the Industrial Areas Foundation (IAF), a grassroots network that builds relationships between races and religions on issues of common concern such as housing and education. She has a Master’s in public administration from Harvard Kennedy School.

Cecilia Barja Chamas

Cecilia Barja Chamas has led political processes and cross-sector alliances in Latin America and the United States for 18 years. In 1999, she co-founded the political party “Movimiento Sin Miedo” and was elected to the office of councillor for La Paz at the age of 23. In 2008, she coordinated Magis Americas in New York, mobilising resources for “Fe y Alegría”, a Jesuit network of 3000 schools in 17 Latin American countries.

From 2010 to 2016, she was a member of Fundación Avina in Colombia, leading cross-sector alliances in six Amazonian countries and the peace process in rural areas of Colombia. Since September 2017, Cecilia has been part of the North Carolina Congress of Latino Organizations, affiliated with the Industrial Areas Foundation (IAF), a grassroots network that builds relationships between races and religions on issues of common concern such as housing and education. She has a Master’s in public administration from Harvard Kennedy School.

Elsa Marie D’Silva

Elsa Marie D’Silva is the founder and Managing Director of Red Dot Foundation (Safecity), a platform that crowdsources personal experiences of sexual violence and abuse in public spaces. Since Safecity started in December 2012, it has become the largest crowd map on the issue in India, Kenya, Cameroon and Nepal.
Elsa Marie is an alumna of the US State Department’s Fortune Program, a fellow with Rotary Peace, Aspen New Voices and Vital Voices, and a BMW Foundation Responsible Leader. She is listed as one of BBC Hindi’s 100 Women. Moreover, she has won the Female Entrepreneur of the Year Award launched by Dušan Stojanović (European Angel Investor of the Year 2013) and the SheThePeople’s Digital Woman Award in Social Impact.
Prior to Safecity, she spent 20 years in the aviation industry, where she worked with Jet Airways and Kingfisher Airlines. In her last role in aviation, she was Vice President Network Planning.

......................................................................................................................................................

Read more about Elsa's work at Safecity and see for yourself in this this documentary. She also has a very clear vision for the Global Diplomacy Lab .

 

Elizabeth Maloba

Elizabeth Maloba has worked as an organisational change and business growth facilitator since 2002, and has extensive experience in capacity building, knowledge management, facilitation and conflict resolution.

She works to provide support to organisations to enable them to achieve their objectives by supporting them in making decisions, solving problems, exchanging ideas and information, and learning. She has considerable entrepreneurship experience, having started her own business and invested in a couple of small businesses over the years. This experience allows her to combine entrepreneurial and management skills where needed. She also provides training on entrepreneurship and leadership.

She is currently studying for her master’s degree in organisational development. She lives in Nairobi and has worked in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Somalia and Benin. Her personal interests are travelling and reading.

......................................................................................................................................................

Find out more about her engagement here.

 

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